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Rabindranath Tagore in 1909
Rabindranath Tagore

Twelve of the 904 Nobel Prize recipients are Indians (five Indian citizens and seven of Indian origin or residency). Rabindranath Tagore (pictured) was the first Indian citizen to be awarded and Mother Teresa is the only woman among the list of recipients. The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed on "those who conferred the greatest benefit on humankind" in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economic Sciences, instituted by Alfred Nobel's last will, which specified that a part of his fortune be used to create the prizes. Each laureate (recipient) receives a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money, which is decided annually by the Nobel Foundation. On 1 December 1999, the Norwegian Nobel Committee confirmed that Mahatma Gandhi was nominated unsuccessfully for the Peace Prize five times (from 1937 to 1939, in 1947 and a few days before he was assassinated in January 1948). In 2006, Geir Lundestad, the Secretary of Norwegian Nobel Committee, cited it as "the greatest omission in our 106-year history". (Full list...)

Today's featured picture

Elk Bath

Elk Bath is a wildlife photograph by John McColgan, a fire behavior expert working for the Alaska Fire Service division of the US Bureau of Land Management. It was taken on August 6, 2000, on the East Fork of the Bitterroot River on the Sula complex in the state of Montana. The picture shows two elk seeking protection from a raging wildfire by standing in the river. It was one of the Time magazine Photos of the Year 2000. McColgan took the picture with a Kodak DC280 digital camera.

Photograph: John McColgan

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